Installing the files The section of the. The second line provides the default attributes for the files in the list. The third line does the actual install. Even more can be done in the %files section. A package consists of an archive of files and meta-data used to install and erase the archive files. You can write multiply Source in the specfile like this; Source0, Source1, Source2 and so on. Installing software on Ubuntu usually entails using Synaptic or by using an apt-get command from the terminal.
Now use your favorite text editor to edit the newly created diff file. These packages include gcc and make. It internally adds that macro before every file. Example: For Java 8u79 replace 8u73 with 8u79. What the %doc directive accomplishes is quite ingenious. Here is the content of the spec-file we recently created.
Unarchive the source tar file that contains the Makefile into a temporary location, copy the original Makefile to a file called Makefile. Remember, if the end users wanted to fiddle with things themselves, they would be compiling and installing the program from the source package. Before you download the file, notice its byte size provided on the download page on the web site. The best way to find out which command the Makefile uses is to take a direct look at the Makefile itself. I will cover this topic in the next post. Run this command to install alien and other necessary packages: sudo apt-get install alien dpkg-dev debhelper build-essential To convert a package from rpm to debian format, use this command syntax. The %defaultattr macro sets the permission of the file -s , in this case root.
I still had the problem. This script provides a little housekeeping for the build system. No liability is assumed for any damages. This is typically the standard mode for most user-run executables on any Linux system. There are probably another million or so scenarios for the %install script.
Packages come in two varieties: binary packages, used to encapsulate software to be installed, and source packages, containing the source code and recipe necessary to produce binary packages. Once the download has completed, compare that file size to the size of the downloaded file to make sure they are equal. A spec file is basically a set of instructions on how to build the rpm package. Finally, the seventh line installs the myprogram. Both of my attempts with sudo and without sudo to use the rpmbuild comman fail to create an. For example, if you were creating a patch for the program called myprogram, you might redirect the output to a file called myprogram-make.
We must use the prefix command during the install. Summary should be one sentence describing the software while %description should be longer and more descriptive. Finally, you can list files and directories. Enter the following into your rpmproc. Note: For downloading Java other flavors of Linux see , Follow these steps to download and install Java for Linux.
With that being said this first part will cover the bascis like installing rpm tools, the structure of a spec file, macros and lastly a simple rpm build. Configure more swap space on the system and retry the installation. Owner of a Linux consulting firm, Vincent is also the security updates manager for MandrakeSoft, creators of the Linux-Mandrake operating system. You should be careful not to assume that all Makefiles are written the same way, however. The other possibility is that the Makefile has no convention for using an alternate destination root directory. The first method, using diff and patch, is a little more difficult, but it can be the better method for a package that installs a large number of files. Over the last decade, Lowell has personally written more than 1000 articles which have been viewed by over 250 million people.
In part two my ambition is to take the things I wrote about here to package a real world application into an rpm. I'm using rpmbuild from homebrew, version 4. This is where the %clean script comes in. While this technique appears relatively simple, not all installs are quite this easy. The instructions below are for installing version Java 8 Update 73 8u73. If you do have access to the spec file the file named after your package, with a.
I read it was recommended to not use sudo. Packages built this way will be marked with an unsatisfiable dependency to prevent their accidental use. I have changed the permissions of the wget-1. Only valid with -bc, -bi, and -bb. Also make sure that this is all done without requiring intervention. Did you actually try it, or did you just google and post? Insert the following into your rpmproc. I had no luck, because the installation failed with this error message: This system does not meet the minimum requirements for swap space.